Archive for the ‘Bible Study’ Category

The Rapture and Revelation an overview of 1 and 2 Thessalonians

Dr. Ted Horton, Director of PMI Center for Biblical Studies – Arab
(PhD Graduate of PMI Center for Biblical Studies and Calvary Christian College and Seminary)

We can find the Apostle Paul discussing the pre-tribulation rapture or the Second Coming of Christ (and by context alluding to the pre-tribulation rapture) in every verse of 1st and 2nd Thessalonians. Paul was encouraging the church in the first epistle with the Blessed Hope. In the second letter we find that the church in Thessalonica had been led to believe that they had missed the Day of Christ, NOT the Day of the Lord as many new versions translate 2 Thessalonians 2:2. Even going back to the Greek we see that the word is “Christos,” so it is properly translated Christ. But I am getting ahead of myself. The Bible of course would be the King James Bible.


1 Thessalonians


CHAPTER 1-1Th 1:9 For they themselves shew of us what manner of entering in we had unto you, and how ye turned to God from idols to serve the living and true God; 10 And to wait for his Son from heaven, whom he raised from the dead, even Jesus, which delivered us from the wrath to come. – Here we see a picture of the PTR as we are waiting on Christ to return for us. We have been delivered by our salvation from eternal wrath and the church that will be present when it is time for Daniel’s 70th Week to commence will be delivered from that wrath.


CHAPTER 2- 1Th 2:19 For what is our hope, or joy, or crown of rejoicing? Are not even ye in the presence of our Lord Jesus Christ at his coming? – When the Lord returns bodily to the earth, the church will be coming WITH Him. We will be with Him because He took us up in the PTR.


CHAPTER 3- 1Th 3:13 To the end he may stablish your hearts unblameable in holiness before God, even our Father, at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ with all his saints.—Again, when the Lord returns He will come WITH ALL His saints. This is because He will have already gathered them.


CHAPTER 4- 1Th 4:14 For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so them also which sleep in Jesus will God bring with him. 15 For this we say unto you by the word of the Lord, that we which are alive and remain unto the coming of the Lord shall not prevent them which are asleep. 16 For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first: 17 Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord. – This shouldn’t require much commentary. The Lord is personally returning for His saints. This MUST be PTR as during the Second Coming the saints are all with Him.


CHAPTER 5- All of chapter 5 should be read, but here are some highlights:

1Th 5:1 But of the times and the seasons, brethren, ye have no need that I write unto you. 2 For yourselves know perfectly that the day of the Lord so cometh as a thief in the night.—Notice here Paul says Day of the Lord. This is much different from the Day of Christ that will be used in 2 Thessalonians. The Day of the Lord is dealing with The Time of Jacob’s Trouble and the Millennial Kingdom and is much longer than a 24 hour day. The Day of Christ is the Rapture and happens in an instant. Terms that relate to the Day of the Lord that you will see often are night, thief, darkness, overtaken, wrath, etc. The church has words associated with it such as light and day; the church is never used in conjunction with wrath, night, or thief.


1Th 5:5 Ye are all the children of light, and the children of the day: we are not of the night, nor of darkness. – Study the pronouns of Chapter 5. You will see they, they, they and then all of a sudden, ye. Paul is distinguishing between the two groups; between the world and the church.


1Th 5:7 For they that sleep sleep in the night; and they that be drunken are drunken in the night. 8 But let us, who are of the day, be sober, putting on the breastplate of faith and love; and for an helmet, the hope of salvation.—Here it is again: they, sleep, night. Then we see the word but. But is a subordinate conjunction and when we see it we know that we are about to read something of a different tone or scope than what came before it. They (the world, the lost, unbelieving Israel) sleep in the night BUT us (believers, the church) are of the day!


1Th 5:9 For God hath not appointed us to wrath, but to obtain salvation by our Lord Jesus Christ, 10 Who died for us, that, whether we wake or sleep, we should live together with him. 11 Wherefore comfort yourselves together, and edify one another, even as also ye do.—God has not appointed US (who is us again? The church!) to wrath. We will live with Him. We are to take comfort in that. The comfort, by context is the Blessed Hope, the PTR!


1Th 5:23 And the very God of peace sanctify you wholly; and I pray God your whole spirit and soul and body be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.—These believers will have been long dead in body when Christ returns, and they will be with Him and we know that they will rise first from what we read earlier. So that again demands a PTR for them to get new bodies that they may be WITH Him at His coming.


2 Thessalonians


CHAPTER 1- 2Th 1:7 And to you who are troubled rest with us, when the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven with his mighty angels,– We will be at rest with the Lord when it is time for Him to return because the saints will have been taken up. We are with Him so that we can return with Him.


CHAPTER 2- 2Th 2:1 Now we beseech you, brethren, by the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, and by our gathering together unto him,– Chapter 2 gives a good timeline of the Tribulationon and you will notice that before it ever begins the Lord comes for us and we are gathered together unto Him.


CHAPTER 3- 2Th 3:5 And the Lord direct your hearts into the love of God, and into the patient waiting for Christ.—The Church has been waiting for His imminent return for 2,000 years. With proper exegesis of Daniel, Revelation, the Olivet Discourse, and the Pauline Epistles we can see that this 7 year period is for Israel and that the church will be removed sometime before it begins.

Israel’s History: from Her Calling to Her Kingdom

January 10, 2017 Leave a comment

Dr. Mike Johnston

  1. An earthly Kingdom in Jerusalem, Israel has been on God’s agenda from the beginning (Matt. 25:34).
  2. God’s will and His Word have been revealed though God’s inspired servants the prophets (2 Kings 9:7; 17:13; Ezra 9:11; see especially Amos 3:7).
  3. Israel exists from prophecy spoken by the mouth of His holy prophets since the world began (Luke 1:70; Acts 3:21).
  4. God chose and Covenanted with Abraham; commissioning him as prophet (Gen. 20:7) and the father of Israel (Gen. 17:5; Deut. 9:5; Matt. 3:9; Luke 1:55; etc) whereby blessing would flow through his family, from His calling to her Kingdom (Gen. 12:1-8; 13:14-18; 15; 17; see Ex. 19:5; etc).
  5. Over the years, God expanded the Abrahamic Covenant four times to include Kingdom laws (Ex. 20:1 – 31:18); land (Deut. 30:1-10); and a Jewish born King with a New Covenant Constitution for the Kingdom (2 Sam. 7:8-16; Matt. 5-7; Jer. 31:31-40).
  6. God specified Israel’s Kingdom would commence following a 490 year prophecy of seventy weeks of seven years broken into two parts: 483 years and 7 years that the nation Israel herself must fulfill (Dan. 9:24-27).
  7. “When the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth His Son, made of a woman, made under the law” (Gal. 4:4) who offered Israel her Kingdom, and was rejected precisely at the end of the 69th week just as Daniel prophesied (Luke 1:32-33; Matt. 4:17; Dan. 9:244-26).
  8. Israel’s seventieth week is currently on hold until he who now letteth be taken out of the way (2 Thess. 2:6-7) and the time of Jacob’s trouble (Jer. 30:7; Dan. 12:1; Zeph 1:15) aka the Tribulation (Deut. 4:30-31; Matt. 24:21, 29; Rev. 7:14) begins.
  9. The Lord Jesus will return to earth immediately after the tribulation to fulfill the Covenant’s by inaugurating the thousand year Millennial Kingdom in Jerusalem (2 Sam. 7:8-16; Ezek. 34:11-31; Zech. 14; Rev. 19:11-20:7).
  10. Once Israel’s Covenants are fulfilled – and bear in mind they MUST BE – eternity will begin.


Resources – PMI Center for Biblical Studies

December 31, 2016 Leave a comment

The following resources are provided by the PMI Center for Biblical Studies strictly for research purposes. We do NOT necessarily endorsement all the author teaches or represents. Resources may be used according to the copyright holder’s wishes.

Bible Wines – William Patton:


Judging Deceivers -Evidence vs. Emotion

October 31, 2016 Leave a comment

To Judge or not to Judge Deception and Deceivers

Dr. Mike Johnston


                Do ye not know that the saints shall judge [1]the world? (1 Cor 6:2).


Mr. Tolerance challenged Mr. Truth to a debate. Mr. PC was moderator. All the major networks carried it except Fox which was not allowed. All went well until Truth quoted Scripture and Mr. PC accused Truth of being judgmental which sent Tolerance and his crowd into a cheering frenzy; causing Truth to throw in the towel, limp off stage, and hide his head in shame. While this encounter began centuries ago, it has only become obvious lately. Back in 1975 when I was saved, there was still a modicum of light shining through a rapidly darkening horizon. Fundamentalists were standing and truth was creating fresh hunger in many hearts. Hardly anyone paid attention to Satan’s oldest trick in the Book let alone its ramifications once published: impugn the Word of God- yea, hath God said (Gen 3:1), and then present an easier to understand translation contradicting it (Gen 3: 4-5). How my heart aches to watch many of the ramparts of Fundamentalism become defectors of the King James Bible by preaching modernist versions from Romanist manuscripts lacking thousands of words while making audacious claims that it just doesn’t matter. Is it any wonder people are so easily deceived?


Hear me friend. Playing fast and loose with the Word of God is dangerous and demonic; yet it is at the core of the end times delusion. This of course has caused right and wrong to exchange seats at the table with hardly a word from Bible believers. I received a letter from a man some time ago confirming this. He was far more upset with me for excoriating a heretic than he was with the heresies I had exposed. His reason was solely based on one quote from the Lord Jesus pulled from its context: judge not lest ye be judged (Matt 7:1). But was it the intention of the Lord Jesus to silence Christian voices in an unsavory world? I don’t believe it was.  Dr. William MacDonald [2] agrees:


“Sometimes these words of our Lord are misconstrued by people to prohibit all forms of judgment. No matter what happens, they piously say, “Judge not, that you be not judged.” But Jesus is not teaching that we are to be undiscerning Christians. He never intended that we abandon our critical faculty or discernment. The NT has many illustrations of legitimate judgment of the condition, conduct, or teaching of others. In addition, there are several areas in which the Christian is commanded to make a decision, to discriminate between good and bad or between good and best.”


To be sure, the “judge not” quote is one of the most misrepresented verses in the Bible, and is the one unabashedly trotted out by liberals seeking a gotcha moment allowing them to label anyone who disagrees with them as “mean spirited bigots.” How disingenuous of them to jump to judge us while overlooking another of the Lord’s warnings: ye shall know them by their fruits (Mat 7:16). Is it not possible for these false accusers to understand that in order to know a person’s fruit you must first judge the actions of the person? Or are these scallywags representing something other than integrity? I’ll explain.


Serious Bible students know that the last days herald an unprecedented time of deception. The Lord Jesus warned about this at least 4 times in Matthew twenty-four (4,5,11,24). Paul reinforced Christ’s words with the following prophecy: But evil men and seducers shall wax worse and worse, deceiving, and being deceived (2Ti 3:13).  Peter called them false prophets and teachers bringing damnable heresies (2 Pet 2:1-3); and John revealed them doing all manner of well-staged miracles (Rev 16:14); all in a kind of regal preparation for the man of sin: For many deceivers are entered into the world, who confess not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh. This is a deceiver and an antichrist (2 John 1:7). Much to the dismay of the “judge not” crowd, each of the prophecies above require judgment in order to obey them.


Mutual exclusives: Reason and liberalism           


My experience with liberals in the “quit judging me” camp tells me their entire political and religious position unravels when reason is forced upon it.


First reason: The judicial system in America is based on rendering judgment and Christians are often called as jurors. Are they disobeying the Lord Jesus by fulfilling their civic duty? Nonsense!

Second reason: Christians are to be the salt of the earth and the light of the world (Matt 5:13-14) which mandates that we judge righteous judgment (John 7:24) in two arenas requiring it:  the world and the church.

Third reason: Untold numbers of Scriptures challenge us to eschew evil and embrace good (Psa 34:14, etc) which requires judgment.

Fourth reason: Many more Scriptures give us mandates that are impossible without judging. I’ve listed a few with my comments in [brackets].

  • Romans 16:17 Now I beseech you, brethren, mark them [take aim at] which cause divisions and offences contrary to the doctrine which ye have learned; and avoid them [marking and  avoiding them is predicated on judging them].
  • Do ye not know that the saints shall judge the world? and if the world shall be judged by you, are ye unworthy to judge the smallest matters? (1 Corinthians 6:2)- [we are judges by divine appointment as born again saints of our holy, righteous God!]
  • And have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness, but rather reprove [blame; censure] them (Ephesians 5:11).
  • For many walk, of whom I have told you often, and now tell you even weeping, that they are the enemies of the cross of Christ: Whose end is destruction, whose God is their belly, and whose glory is in their shame, who mind earthly things [Philippians 3:18-19]- [knowing and pointing out these enemies of the cross requires judgment]
  • A man that is an heretick after the first and second admonition reject [Titus 3:10]- [this requires that you first judge the person’s teachings as heretical. If they are, you must reject them]
  • Beloved, believe not every spirit, but try the spirits whether they are of God: because many false prophets are gone out into the world. (1 John 4:1)- [again, this requires judgment of a person’s spirit]


Let’s take the tolerance vs. truth test


EXAMPLE 1. An ordained man is a San Francisco preacher. He leads a fairly large church reaching the forgotten and the downtrodden, and in his emotionally charged messages often employs quotes from Jesus and the Bible. Over time he convinces his congregants that the world is about to end but that he is their saviour. Most of them sell their belongings, give him the money, and move to the city of hope in Guyana, South America that is named after him; Jonestown.


EXAMPLE 2. A neighboring group claims to be Christian. They study the Bible, pray, evangelize, promote family values, and generally live lives above reproach. They also have canonized the teachings of a perverted polygamist named Joseph Smith who promoted a plethora of heresies including denying the trinity and deity of Christ, polytheism, baptism for the dead, the deity of man and others. They are Mormons.


EXAMPLE 3. For years major denominations have defected from orthodoxy (Methodists, Presbyterians, Congregationalists, some Baptists, etc). Growing numbers of them no longer believe the Bible is inerrant, infallible, and inspired. As such, they support abortion, teach evolution, and ordain women, and preside over sodomite “marriage” ceremonies.


Question: With what you’ve just read about the above groups- and assuming what is reported is factual- if one of your loved ones (son, daughter, sibling), or a dear friend was about to embrace the teachings of these hereticks, would you close your eyes to the truth and simply tolerate them?


If you answered no I congratulate you; you have rendered righteous judgment (John 7:24; see Lev. 19:15), which we are called to do as Christians. May I welcome you to the uncompromising world of Biblical separation (2 Cor. 6:14-17)[3] where I live and have chosen to contend for the faith once delivered (Jude 1:3)!


In closing


And they shall teach my people the difference between the holy and profane, and cause them to discern between the unclean and the clean (Eze 44:23).


Hear me friend. There’s a clear choice to be made here but there are consequences.


First, if you choose to expose evil for what it is, you won’t be invited to preach in as many churches; you won’t win any ecumenical unity awards; you probably won’t have as many friends as you once did, and if you’re a missionary, you might even lose some of your much needed support base.


However, if you in any way accommodate the politically correct “judge not” mindset, I promise you these sneaky sniveling snakes will slither into your church via television, books, internet, and other means, where they will saturate the willing hearts of your people with so much deceit they will in time convince your friends and church members that you are the problem that must be disposed of [4] and they will set out to do it with a great feeling of divine justification!


That being the case isn’t it high time we started judging deceivers and their deceptions in the Biblical manner to which we’ve been called?

[1] Webster’s Dictionary 1828 defines judging as “hearing and determining; forming an opinion; dooming.” That being the case, judging is our heritage and our future.

[2] The Believer’s Bible Commentary us available for a gift of $34 to PMI. Stamps are welcome.

[3] For more detailed discussion, you may order our tract entitled Biblical Separation.

[4] Arnold Murray of Shepherd’s Chapel is a great example of a vile heretical wolf who turned  three otherwise supportive family units against me when I tried to warn them about his heresies.


The Doctrine of Imputation

September 27, 2016 Leave a comment

Text: Romans 4:22 “And therefore it was imputed to him for righteousness” (see Phil 1:18).

  1. The Importance of the Doctrine of Imputation

In today’s religious world, there is a definite trend towards minimizing sound doctrine and maximizing spurious devotion. Pseudo religious experience-subjective in its composition-is replacing proper righteous edification-objective in its contents. (The charismatic movement is a prime example of this alteration.)

The book of Romans is a classic example of an inspired epistle which emphasizes the importance of sound doctrine and its relationship to daily living. The theme of Romans is “The Righteousness of God,” that divine righteousness which is necessary for entrance into heaven and restoration to the image of God. In chapters 1-8, Paul expounds the principles relating to the righteousness of God. In chapters 9-11, he explains the problems revolving around the righteousness of God, while in chapters 12-16 he explores the practices resulting from obtaining the righteousness of God. In chapters 1-8, Paul defines the doctrinal accompaniments of God’s righteousness. In chapters 9-11, he delineates the dispensational administrations of God’s righteousness, while in chapters 12-16, he describes the devotional actions that flow from experiencing God’s righteousness.

In chapter 4, God’s righteousness is the key theme, being mentioned 8 times (4:3, 4:5, 4:6); specifically the righteousness of God in justification (4:25, 5:1). The doctrine of justification (God declaring us to be righteous in Christ Jesus) is intricately related to the doctrine of imputation (The activity whereby this righteousness is attributed to our being). The word “impute” or its equivalent is mentioned six times in chapter 4 (4:6, 4:8, 4:11, 4:22, 4:23, 4:24) and is thus inextricably linked with the major theme of God’s righteousness. It is impossible to understand the great theme of this epistle (The Righteousness of God) apart from consideration of the doctrine of imputation.

  1. The Identity of the Doctrine of Imputation

The word “impute” means “to ascribe to someone-something they did not antecedently (priorly) possess or have.” Illustrations: (a) A millionaire assigning all his wealth over to an orphan; (b)Howard Baker was named as former President Reagan’s “Chief of Staff”-starting the day as a private citizen in Florida and ending the day in Washington receiving a title and position he did not priorly possess). In Scripture there are four examples where something is imputed to us:

  1. The Imputation of Physical Life at Conception. Although we were in the mind of God from eternity, we did not always exist! Only God has absolute immortality. While I Corinthians 15:51-58 states that believers will possess immortal-incorruptible bodies after the resurrection, only God himself has both no beginning and no ending, (“Who only hath immortality, dwelling in the light which no man can approach unto, whom no man hath seen, nor can see; to whom be honour and power everlasting. Amen. “I Timothy 5:16)

Marriage is a wonderful God-given institution, and it is unfortunate that the miracle of life takes place so frequently outside its bounds today. When a husband and wife blend their lives together in marriage, the fruit of that relationship is often the conception of “new” life. The moment of conception, the quality of “life” is ascribed to that new being, a quality it did not possess prior to the beginning of the germination process. At conception, life is ascribed to a priorly non-existent human being. (The taking away of that life within the mother’s womb-abortion is a murderous act! The forming embryo (not fetus!) possess human life─Psalm 139:13-14, Jeremiah 1:5, Luke 1:41 & 46.

  1. The Imputation of Adam’s Sin to the Human Race. (Wherefore as by one man sin entered into the world and death by sin and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned Romans 5:12). The Scripture states (Gen. 1:26-27 for validation) that man was created in innocency, apart from a sinful nature and sinful actions. One day, however, in that beautiful garden, a drastic alteration in man’s spiritual condition and nature occurred. The intimate relationship with God was severed and the entire human race plunged into the darkness of iniquity, totally separated from its creator. In verses such as I Kings 8:46, Psalm 143:2, Proverbs 20:9, Ecclesiastes 7:20, Romans 3:10, 12, 23, the Scripture clearly teaches the universality of sin.

While numerous explanations have been offered concerning the origin and effects of Adam’s sin upon his posterity (some of which are totally unacceptable to Bible-believing Christians; for example-the Pelagian theory), there is general agreement that the Scriptures teach that the sin of Adam was a single and permanent revolt of human nature against God, and that all other sins are the fruit of that sin. There was thus justly imputed to the human race something which it did not possess prior to Adam’s sin: a depraved sinful nature with an inherent “bent” towards unrighteousness. All human beings have a common ancestor─we are all children of Adam and the product of Adam’s seed. Before the fall, the human race was declared to be created in the image and likeness of God (Gen. 5:1). After the fall, the Scripture records that Adam “begat a son in his own likeness, after his image” (Gen. 5:3).

We cannot justly blame God for our condition, nor can we excuse ourselves for our plight or claim that we are better than others (Romans 2:1). Our natural righteousness is compared to human rags (Isaiah 64:6), and we are described as being totally devoid of divine life without any ability to obtain this divine righteousness by any merit or works of our own (Romans 3:20).

  1. The Imputation of the sin of humanity to Jesus Christ. The essence of Christ’s nature was one of total perfection and purity, without a taint or trace of sin either in his being or actions (Matthew 27:4, John 8:46, John 18:38, Hebrews 7:26).

On that rugged cross, the Lord Jesus took upon himself the sin of all humanity, of the entire human race. Just as the sin of all humanity had previously been imputed to Adam and his descendants, in that sacrificial act, sin was imputed to Christ. In that awesome hour, that which Christ did not antecedently possess─the sin of the entire human race─was ascribed to our blessed Saviour in its entirety in His sacrifice (For confirmation read Isaiah 53:6, II Corinthians 5:21, and I Peter 2:24).

  1. The Imputation of Standing for the believer with God the Father through the Righteousness of Jesus Christ (Romans 5:1-2). Because of the atoning blood of Christ shed in his death on the cross, every repentant sinner through faith (the words “faith,” “believe,” and their equivalent are mentioned 16 times in Romans 4) in the risen redeemer now has ascribed to him the righteousness of Christ and a perfect standing in the sight of God the father, a standing he did not antecedently possess. The righteousness of Christ has been imputed to his account (Romans 4:22-25).

III. The Implications of the Doctrine Of Imputation

  1. The imputed standing that the believer possesses with God the Father is solely the result of His grace, being appropriated by faith in the risen Son of God. (“Therefore it is of faith, that it might be by grace,” Romans 4:16; “By whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God” Romans 5:2.)
  1. This imputed standing that the believer possesses with the Father is eternal in duration and can never be forfeited or lost John 10:28-29.
  1. The declaration that has been explicitly marked in heaven should now be expressly manifested on earth in the believer’s life. The believer’s eternal standing (just one of the gems of the spiritual wealth described in Ephesians 1-3) in Romans 4-5 must be and can be translated into daily sanctification (the scriptural walk delineated in Ephesians 4:1-6 & 9) through submission to the Holy Spirit and obedience to the Word (Romans 6:1-22). (Copied from

Doctrine of the Holy Spirit

September 27, 2016 Leave a comment


Old Scofield Study Bible [1]

Summary of the Old Testament doctrine of the Holy Spirit:

(1) The personality and Deity of the Holy Spirit appear from the attributes ascribed to Him, and from His works.

(2) He is revealed as sharing the work of creation and therefore omnipotent (Gen_1:2); (Job_26:13); (Job_33:4); (Psa_104:30) as omnipresent (Psa_139:7) as striving with men (Gen_6:3) as enlightening (Job_32:8) enduing with constructive skill; (Exo_28:3); (Exo_31:3) giving physical strength (Jdg_14:6); (Jdg_14:19) executive ability and wisdom; (Jdg_3:10); (Jdg_6:34); (Jdg_11:29); (Jdg_13:25) enabling men to receive and utter divine revelations; (Num_11:25); (2Sa_23:2) and, generally, as empowering the servants of God; (Psa_51:12); (Joe_2:28); (Mic_3:8); (Zec_4:6).

(3) He is called holy (Psa_51:11) good (Psa_143:10) the Spirit of judgment and burning (Isa_4:4) of Jehovah, of wisdom, understanding, counsel, might, good, knowledge, the fear of the Lord (Isa_11:2) and of grace and supplications (Zec_12:10).

(4) In the Old Testament the Spirit acts in free sovereignty, coming upon men and even upon a dumb beast as He will, nor are the conditions set forth (as in the New Testament) by complying with which any one may receive the Spirit. The indwelling of every believer by the abiding Spirit is a New Testament blessing consequent upon the death and resurrection of Christ (Joh_7:39); (Joh_16:7); (Act_2:33); (Gal_3:1-6).

(5) The Old Testament contains prediction of a future pouring out of the Spirit upon Israel (Exo_37:14); (Exo_39:29) and upon “all flesh” (Joe_2:28); (Joe_2:29). The expectation of Israel, therefore, was twofold — of the coming of Messiah-Immanuel, and of such an effusion of the Spirit as the prophets described. See (Mat_1:18).

Summary of the New Testament Summary doctrine of the Holy Spirit:

See Note (See Scofield) – (Mal_2:15).

(1) The Holy Spirit is revealed as a divine Person. This is expressly declared (for example) (Joh_14:16); (Joh_14:17); (Joh_14:26); (Joh_15:26); (Joh_16:7-15); (Mat_28:19) and everywhere implied.

(2) The revelation concerning Him is progressive

(a) In the Old Testament,

(See Scofield) – (Mal_2:15),

He comes upon whom He will, apparently without reference to conditions in them

(b) During His earth-life, Christ taught His disciples (Luk_11:13) that they might receive the Spirit through prayer to the Father.

(c) At the close of His ministry He promised that He would Himself pray the Father, and that in answer to prayer the Comforter would come to abide (Joh_14:16); (Joh_14:17).

(d) On the evening of His resurrection He came to the disciples in the upper room, and breathed on them saying, “Receive ye the Holy Ghost” (Joh_20:22) but instructed them to wait before beginning their ministry till the Spirit should come upon them; (Luk_24:49); (Act_1:8).

(e) On the day of Pentecost the Spirit came upon the whole body of believers (Act_2:1-4).

(f) After Pentecost, so long as the Gospel was preached to Jews only, the Spirit was imparted to such as believed by the laying on of hands (Act_8:17); (Act_9:17).

(g) When Peter opened the door of the kingdom to the Gentiles (Acts 10), the Holy Spirit, without delay, or other condition than faith, was given to those who believed. (Act_10:44); (Act_11:15-18). This is the permanent fact for the entire church age. Every believer is born of the Spirit; (Joh_3:3); (Joh_3:6); (1Jo_5:1) indwelt by the Spirit, whose presence makes the believer’s body a temple; (1Co_6:19); (Rom_8:9-15); (1Jo_2:27); (Gal_4:6) and baptized by the Spirit; (1Co_12:12); (1Co_12:13); (1Jo_2:20); (1Jo_2:27) thus sealing him for God; (Eph_1:13); (Eph_4:30).

(3) The New Testament distinguishes between having the Spirit, which is true of all believers, and being filled with the Spirit, which is the believer’s privilege and duty (compare (Act_2:4) with (Act_4:29-31); (Eph_1:13); (Eph_1:14) with (Eph_5:18). — “One baptism, many fillings.”

(4) The Holy Spirit is related to Christ in His Conception (Mat_1:18-20); (Luk_1:35) baptism; (Mat_3:16); (Mar_1:10); (Luk_3:22); (Joh_1:32); (Joh_1:33) walk and service (Luk_4:1); (Luk_4:14) resurrection (Rom_8:11); and as His witness throughout this age; (Joh_15:26); (Joh_16:8-11); (Joh_16:13); (Joh_16:14).

(5) The Spirit forms the church (Mat_16:18),

(See Scofield) – (Heb_12:23),

by baptizing all believers into the body of Christ (1Co_12:12); (1Co_12:13); imparts gifts for service to every member of that body (1Co_12:7-11); (1Co_12:27); (1Co_12:30); guide the members in their service; (Luk_2:27); (Luk_4:1); (Act_16:6); (Act_16:7) and is Himself the power of that service; (Act_1:8); (Act_2:4); (1Co_2:4).

(6) The Spirit abides in the company of believers who constitute a local church, making of them, corporately, a temple (1Co_3:16); (1Co_3:17).

(7) Christ indicates a threefold personal relationship of the Spirit to the believer: “With”, “In”, “upon” (Joh_14:17); (Luk_24:49); (Act_1:8). “With” indicates the approach of God to the soul, convicting of sin (Joh_16:9) presenting Christ as the object of faith (Joh_16:14) imparting faith (Eph_2:8) and regenerating (Joh_3:3-16). “In” describes the abiding presence of the Spirit in the believer’s body (1Co_6:19) to give victory over the flesh; (Rom_8:2-4); (Gal_5:16); (Gal_5:17) to create the Christian character (Gal_5:22); (Gal_5:23) to help infirmities (Rom_8:26) to inspire prayer (Eph_6:18) to give conscious access to God (Eph_2:18) to actualize to the believer his sonship (Gal_4:6) to apply the Scripture in cleansing and sanctification; (Eph_5:26); (2Th_2:13); (1Pe_1:2) to comfort and intercede; (Act_9:31); (Rom_8:26) and to reveal Christ (Joh_16:14).

(8) Sins against the Spirit committed by unbelievers are: To blaspheme (Mat_12:31); resist (Act_7:51); insult (Heb_10:29); “despite,” Literally, insult). Believers’ sins against the Spirit are: To grieve Him by allowing evil in heart or life (Eph_4:30); (Eph_4:31) and to quench Him by disobedience (1Th_5:19).

The right attitude toward the Spirit is yieldedness to His sway in walk and service, and in constant willingness that He shall “put away” whatever grieves Him or hinders His power (Eph_4:31).

(9) The symbols of the Spirit are:

(a) oil (Joh_3:34); (Heb_1:9)

(b) water, (Joh_7:38); (Joh_7:39),

(c) wind; (Act_2:2); (Joh_3:8),

(d) fire (Act_2:3),

(e) a dove (Mat_3:16),

(f) a seal; (Eph_1:13); (Eph_4:30),

(g) an earnest or pledge (Eph_1:14).

[1] Copied from the notes found in the Old Scofield Study Bible. We have these Old Scofield Study Bibles in bonded leather, KJV, available for a gift to PMI of $34 to help us minister to you and others. Please remember, when you order from us, you help support us. Stamps are welcome.

Heaven- Lewis Sperry Chafer

September 27, 2016 Leave a comment

Dr. Lewis Sperry Chafer

The Scriptures appear to indicate that there are three heavens. The first and second are not specifically mentioned as such, but “the third heaven” is declared to exist (2Co_12:2). It is evident that there cannot be a third heaven without also a first and second heaven.

  1. The first heaven must be the atmosphere which surrounds the earth. Reference is certainly made to the fowls of heaven (Hos_2:18) and to the clouds of heaven (Dan_7:13). Herein is the native abode of human beings and all created life upon earth.
  1. The second heaven may be the stellar spaces (cf. Gen_1:14-18 for stars of the heaven) and so is the abode of all supernatural angelic creatures.
  1. The third heaven (its location however wholly unrevealed) is the abode of God—the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, and until this age has never been entered by any created being—angel or human. The present divine purpose is to populate the third heaven. It is called glory (Heb_2:10) and represents a place rather than a state of mind or being (Joh_14:1-3). Those who enter will be “made meet” (Col_1:12). More specifically, they will become actual sons of God (Joh_1:12; Joh_3:3). They will be perfected forever (Heb_10:14), justified (Rom_5:1), and made partakers of Christ’s πλήρωμα (Joh_1:16), which is all fullness (Col_1:19), the very nature of the Godhead bodily (Col_2:9).

Similarly, the Scriptures employ the word heaven itself in a threefold usage:

  1. The kingdom of heaven is a phrase peculiar to Matthew’s Gospel (Mat_3:2, etc.) and indicates the earthly Messianic reign of Christ. Any rule of God over the earth is a form of the kingdom of heaven (cf. Dan_2:44).
  1. The heavenly, a phrase peculiar to the Epistle to the Ephesians (Eph_1:3, etc.), is a reference to the sphere of present association between believers and Christ, a copartnership in various respects. It signifies, therefore, not some favored place on the earth, but anywhere this communion with Christ may exist.
  1. Heaven may represent the abode of the Godhead and of the redeemed forever.

As in many instances, knowledge about this place is wholly a matter of the testimony of the inspired Bible. It has been said that men really know nothing of heaven from experience since none have returned to tell of it. There are, however, three experienced witnesses:

  1. Christ. Heaven was His abode for all eternity. He discloses more regarding it than does any other person in Scripture.
  1. The Apostle Paul, who—probably when stoned to death in Lystra—was caught up to the third heaven (Act_14:19-22; 2Co_12:1-9). He was prohibited, however, from disclosing what he saw and heard. A thorn in the flesh was given to remind him to keep this mighty secret.
  1. John the Apostle, who was called into heaven (Rev_4:1), and then given instruction to write a book (Rev_1:11) and record all that he saw and heard. If it is asked why Paul could not report but John was told to report, it may be observed that Paul’s experience was typical of a believer at present departing by death while John’s experience was more like that common to all believers at the rapture in a future day. After his experience and in spite of prohibition the Apostle Paul wrote: “To depart and to be with Christ is far better” (Php_1:23).

One has well said, “Heaven is a prepared place for a prepared people.” Very definite preparation is required of those who would enter that celestial sphere (cf. Col_1:12). They must be like Christ both in standing and state (Rom_8:29; 1Jn_3:2).

It remains to observe that heaven is a place of beauty (Rev. 21:1-22:7) with various inhabitants (Heb_12:22-24), of life (1Ti_4:8), holiness (Rev_21:27), service (Rev_22:3), worship (Rev_19:1-3), fellowship with God (2Ti_4:8), glory (2Co_4:17. See Rev_21:4-5).

Old Scofield Study Bible

The Scriptures distinguish three heavens:

  • first, the lower heavens, or the region of the clouds;
  • second, the second or planetary heavens; and,
  • third, the heaven of heavens, the abode of God.

That is, the “heaven” of the stars; for example (Gen_15:5); (Luk_23:43).

  • firmament

That is, the expanse above, the “heaven” of the clouds. (Gen_7:11); (Gen_8:2).

  • in heavenly places

Literally, the heavenlies.

The same Greek word is used in (Joh_3:12) where “things” is added. In both places, the word signifies that which is heavenly in contradistinction to that which is earthy. In Ephesians, “places” is especially misleading. “The heavenlies” may be defined as the sphere of the believer’s spiritual experience as identified with Christ in…

  • nature; (2Pe_1:4);
  • life; (Col_3:4); (1Jo_5:12);
  • relationships; (Joh_20:17); (Heb_2:11);
  • service; (Joh_17:18); (Mat_28:20);
  • suffering; (Phi_1:29); (Phi_3:10); (Col_1:24);
  • inheritance; (Rom_8:16); (Rom_8:17); and
  • future glory in the kingdom; (Rom_8:18-21); (1Pe_2:9); (Rev_1:6); (Rev_5:10).

The believer is a heavenly man, and a stranger and pilgrim on the earth. (Heb_3:1); (1Pe_2:11). [1]

[1] We have these Old Scofield Study Bibles in bonded leather, KJV, available for a gift to PMI of $34 to help us minister to you and others. Please remember, when you order from us, you help support us. Stamps are welcome.


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