Home > Apologetics, Daniel's 70 Weeks, Dispensationalism, End Times, Pre-Tribulation Rapture, Prophecy, Tribulation > DANIEL’S SEVENTY WEEKS – Scofield and Anderson

DANIEL’S SEVENTY WEEKS – Scofield and Anderson

 

Dr. C.I. Scofield and Sir Robert Anderson

Dr. Mike Johnston, Editor

 

Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy (Daniel 9:24).

 

Seventy weeks [1]

These are “weeks” or more accurately, sevens of years; seventy weeks of seven years each. Within these “weeks” the national chastisement must be ended and the nation re-established in everlasting righteousness (Dan_9:24). The seventy weeks are divided into seven = 49 years; sixty-two = 434 years; one = 7 years (Dan_9:25-27). In the seven weeks = 49 years, Jerusalem was to be rebuilt in “troublous times.” This was fulfilled, as Ezra and Nehemiah record. Sixty-two weeks = 434 years, thereafter Messiah was to come (Dan_9:25). This was fulfilled in the birth and manifestation of Christ. Verse 26 is obviously an indeterminate period. The date of the crucifixion is not fixed. It is only said to be “after” the threescore and two weeks. It is the first event in (Dan_9:26). The second event is the destruction of the city, fulfilled A.D. 70. Then, “unto the end,” a period not fixed, but which has already lasted nearly 2000 years. To Daniel was revealed only that wars and desolations should continue (Compare (Mat_24:6-14).

 

The New Testament reveals, that which was hidden from the Old Testament prophets; (Mat_13:11-17); (Eph_3:1-10) that during this period should be accomplished the mysteries of the kingdom of Heaven (Mat_13:1-50) and the out-calling of the Church; (Mat_16:18); (Rom_11:25). When the Church-age will end, and the seventieth week begin, is nowhere revealed. Its duration can be but seven years. To make it more violates the principle of interpretation already confirmed by fulfillment. (Dan_9:27) deals with the last week. The “he” of (Dan_9:27) is the “prince that shall come” of (Dan_9:26); whose people (Rome) destroyed the temple, A.D. 70. He is the same with the “little horn” of chapter 7. He will covenant with the Jews to restore their temple sacrifices for one week (seven years), but in the middle of that time he will break the covenant and fulfill; (Dan_12:11); (2Th_2:3); (2Th_2:4). Between the sixty-ninth week, after which Messiah was cut off, and the seventieth week, within which the “little horn” of Daniel 7. will run his awful course, intervenes this entire Church-age. (Dan_9:27) deals with the last three and a half years of the seven, which are identical with the “great tribulation.” (Mat_24:15-28) “time of trouble” (Dan_12:1) hour of temptation” (Rev_3:10).

 

Time of the End

Here the prophetic foreview, having traced the history of the two parts of Alexander’s empire which had to do with Palestine and the Jews, namely, Syria and Egypt, to the time of Antiochus Epiphanes, and having described his career, overleaps the centuries to “the time of the end,” when he of whom Antiochus Epiphanes was a type, the “little horn” of (Dan_7:8) the “Beast out of the sea” of (Rev_13:4-10) shall appear (cf) (See Scofield) – (Dan_7:8). Prophecy does not concern itself with history as such, but only with history as it affects Israel and the Holy Land. Antiochus Epiphanes was insignificant as compared with historical personages whom the Bible does not mention, but he scourged the covenant people and defiled God’s altar, thus coming into prophetic light. From verse 36 (Dan_11:36), the “little horn” of (Dan_7:8); (Dan_7:24-26) fills the scene. His prosperity lasts until “the indignation” (the “time of trouble” of; (Dan_12:1); (Mat_24:21) is accomplished (Dan_11:36). This is parallel with; (Rev_17:10-14); (Rev_19:19-21). (Dan_11:37-45) supply details not mentioned in the New Testament. The expression “God of his fathers” (Dan_11:37) has been held to indicate that the “king” is an apostate Jew, but this does not accord with (Dan_9:26) which was fulfilled by the Gentile armies of Rome. The “little horn” is an apostate, but from Christianity, not Judaism (compare 1Jo_2:18); (1Jo_2:19). (Dan_11:38-45) describe his career. Substituting “the god of forces” (that is, Forces of nature) for the true God (Dan_11:38); (Dan_11:39), he soon presents himself as that god (cf) (2Th_2:3); (2Th_2:4). While his career lasts he is an irresistible conqueror (Dan_11:40-44). He established his palace in Jerusalem, probably at the time of his supreme act of blasphemous impiety; (Dan_9:27); (Dan_12:11); (Mat_24:15); (2Th_2:4). From this time begins the great tribulation; (Dan_12:1); (Mat_24:21) which runs its course during the last half of Daniel’s seventieth week, namely, three and one half years; (Dan_7:25); (Dan_12:7); (Dan_12:11); (Rev_13:5).

 

The “time of the end” in Daniel. The expression, or its equivalent, “in the end,” occurs, (Dan_8:17-19); (Dan_9:26); (Dan_11:35); (Dan_11:40); (Dan_11:45); (Dan_12:4); (Dan_12:6); (Dan_12:9).

 

Summary:

(1) The time of the end in Daniel begins with the violation by “the prince that shall come” (that is, “little horn,” “man of sin,” “Beast”) of his covenant with the Jews for the restoration of the temple and sacrifice (Dan_9:27) and his presentation of himself as God; (Dan_9:27); (Dan_11:36-38); (Mat_24:15); (2Th_2:4); (Rev_13:4-6) and ends with his destruction by the appearing of the Lord in glory. (2Th_2:8); (Rev_19:19); (Rev_19:20).

 

(2) The duration of the “time of the end” is three and one half years, coinciding with the last half of the seventieth week of Daniel. (Dan_7:25); (Dan_12:7); (Rev_13:5).

 

(3) This “time of the end” is the “time of Jacob’s trouble.” (Jer_30:7) “a time of trouble such as never was since there was a nation” (Dan_12:1) “great tribulation such as was not from the beginning of the world. . . nor ever shall be” (Mat_24:21). The New Testament, especially the Book of the Revelation, adds many details.

 

Thousand Three Hundred And Five And Thirty Days

Three periods of “days” date from the “abomination” (that is, The blasphemous assumption of deity by the Beast, (Dan_12:11); (Mat_24:15); (2Th_2:4).

 

(1) Twelve hundred and sixty days to the destruction of the Beast (Dan_7:25); (Dan_12:7); (Rev_13:5); (Rev_19:19); (Rev_19:20). This is also the duration of the great tribulation

 

(See Scofield) – (Dan_12:4).

 

(2) Dating from the same event is a period of 1290 days, and addition of thirty days (Dan_12:11).

 

(3) Again forty-five days are added, and with them the promise of (Dan_12:12). No account is directly given of that which occupies the interval of seventy-five days between the end of the tribulation and the full blessing of verse 12 (Dan_12:12). It is suggested that the explanation may be found in the prophetic descriptions of the events following the battle of Armageddon. (Rev_16:14); (Rev_19:21). The Beast is destroyed, and Gentile world-dominion ended, by the smiting of the “Stone cut out without hands” at the end of the 1260 days, but the scene is, so to speak, filled with the debris of the image which the “wind” must carry away before full blessing comes in (Dan_2:35).

 

Tribulation

The great tribulation is the period of unexampled trouble predicted in the passages cited under that head from (Psa_2:5) to (Rev_7:14) and described in Revelation 11-18. Involving in a measure the whole earth (Rev_3:10) it is yet distinctly “the time of Jacob’s trouble” (Jer_30:7) and its vortex Jerusalem and the Holy Land. It involves the people of God who will have returned to Palestine in unbelief. Its duration is three and a half years, or the last half of the seventieth week of Daniel. (See Scofield) – (Dan_9:24). (Rev_11:2); (Rev_11:3)

 

The elements of the tribulation are:

 

(1) The cruel reign of the “beast out of the sea” (Rev_13:1) who at the beginning of the three and a half years, will break his covenant with the Jews (by virtue of which they will have re-established the temple worship, (Dan_9:27) and show himself in the temple, demanding that he be worshipped as God. (Mat_24:15); (2Th_2:4).

 

(2) The active interposition of Satan “having great wrath” (Rev_12:12) who gives his power to the Beast. (Rev_13:4); (Rev_13:5).

 

(3) The unprecedented activity of demons (Rev_9:2); (Rev_9:11), and

 

(4) The terrible “bowl” judgments of Revelation 16.

 

The great tribulation will be, however, a period of salvation. An election out of Israel is seen as sealed for God (Rev_7:4-8) and, with an innumerable multitude of Gentiles (Rev_7:9) are said to have come “out of the great tribulation” (Rev_7:14). They are not of the priesthood, the church, to which they seem to stand somewhat in the relation of the Levites to the priests under the Mosaic Covenant. The great tribulation is immediately followed by the return of Christ in glory, and the events associated therewith. (Mat_24:29); (Mat_24:30).

 

The Beast, Summary:

This “Beast” is the “little horn” of (Dan_7:24-26), and “desolator” of (Dan_9:27), the “abomination of desolation” of (Mat_24:15), the “man of sin” of (2Th_2:4-8), earth’s last and most awful tyrant, Satan’s fell instrument of wrath and hatred against God and the Jewish saints. He is, perhaps, identical with the rider on the white horse of (Rev_6:2), who begins by the peaceful conquest of three of the ten kingdoms into which the former Roman empire will then be divided, but who soon establishes the ecclesiastical and governmental tyranny described in Daniel 7, 9, 11; Revelation 13. To him, Satan gives the power which he offered to Christ. (Mat_4:8); (Mat_4:9); (Rev_13:4).

 

 

SIR ROBERT ANDERSON’S FLAWLESS CALCULATION

Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times. And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined(Daniel 9:25-26).

 

Sir Robert Anderson was Chief Inspector for Scotland Yard, renowned for his excellent work as an investigator. Along with his writing on criminal investigation, he also wrote Christian books on devotional and prophetic subjects. His classic work The Coming Prince, still stands today as the most authoritative work on the subject of Daniel’s seventy weeks.

 

Sir Robert Anderson understood that the Scriptures demonstrate that God is reckoned in terms of perfect geometrical years made up of 12 months of 30 days to make a biblical year of 360 days. Sir Robert viewed this perfect 30 day Biblical month from the Genesis account of the flood (Gen 7:11 to 8:4). Five lunar months, from the 17th of the second month to the 17th of the 7th month are accounted as 150 days.

He understood the following in making his calculations:

 

  • 3.5 years, or a time, times and a half a time, (Dan.12:7 and 12:14)

 

  • = 42 months (Rev.11:12 and 13:5

 

  • = 1260 days (Rev.11:3 and 12:6).

 

Sir Robert’s understanding of 12 x 30 day biblical/perfect cycles of the moon being equal to the biblical/perfect year of 360 days was crucial. It was a giant step of faith to count the days of the year and month as given in scripture as different from what we see in the present solar system. This was key to unlocking Daniel’s prophecy of the 70 weeks. Anderson wrote: “The Julian date of that 10th Nisan was Sunday the 6th April, A.D. 32. What then was the length of the period intervening between the issuing of the decree to rebuild Jerusalem and the public advent of ‘Messiah the Prince,’ — between the 14th March, B.C. 445, and the 6th April, A.D. 32? THE INTERVAL CONTAINED EXACTLY AND TO THE VERY DAY 173,880 DAYS, OR SEVEN TIMES SIXTY-NINE PROPHETIC YEARS OF 360 DAYS, the first sixty-nine weeks of Gabriel’s prophecy.”

 

In his calculations, Anderson determined that these days represented the exact number from the issuing of the decree to rebuild Jerusalem until the Messiah was rejected at His triumphal entry into Jerusalem.

 

The Precision of Prophecy

Dr. Chuck Missler writes: This is the only occasion that Jesus presented Himself as King. It occurred on April 6, 32 A.D. When we examine the period between March 14, 445 B.C. and April 6, 32 A.D., and correct for leap years, we discover that it is 173,880 days exactly, to the very day!

 

How could Daniel have known this in advance? How could anyone have contrived to have this detailed prediction documented over three centuries in advance? But there’s more.

 

The Interval (Dan 9:26)

 

There appears to be a gap between the 69th week (verse 25) and the 70th week (verse 27):

And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined. Daniel 9:26

 

The sixty-two “weeks” follow the initial seven, so verse 26 deals with events after 69th week, but before the 70th. These events include the Messiah being killed and the city and sanctuary being destroyed. As Jesus approached the city on the donkey, He also predicted the destruction of Jerusalem:

 

For the days shall come upon thee, that thine enemies shall cast a trench about thee, and compass thee round, and keep thee in on every side, And shall lay thee even with the ground, and thy children within thee; and they shall not leave in thee one stone upon another; because thou knewest not the time of thy visitation. Luke 19:43-44

 

The Messiah was, of course, executed at the Crucifixion…”but not for Himself.”

 

The city and the sanctuary were destroyed 38 years later when the Roman legions under Titus Vespasian leveled the city of Jerusalem in A.D. 70, precisely as Daniel and Jesus had predicted. In fact, as one carefully examines Jesus’ specific words, it appears that He held them accountable to know this astonishing prophecy in Daniel 9! “Because thou knewest not the time of thy visitation.”

 

The 70th Week

 

There is a remaining seven-year period to be fulfilled. This period is the most documented period in the entire Bible. The Book of Revelation, Chapters 6 through 19, is essentially a detailing of that climactic period.

 

The interval between the 69th and 70th week continues, but it is increasingly apparent that it may soon be over. The more one is familiar with the numerous climactic themes of “end-time” prophecy, the more it seems that Daniel’s 70th Week is on our horizon.

 

Study Scripture with the PMI Center for Biblical Studies. Write for Foundations of Theology Lesson 1 today!

[1] From the Old Scofield Study Bible notes. These black bonded leather KJV Bibles are priceless and are available for a gift to PMI of $34.00.

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