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CHAPTER 5 – DANIEL CODIFIED THE TRIBULATION

5
DANIEL
CODIFIED THE TRIBULATION


Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy. Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times. And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined. And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate” (Daniel 9:24-27). [Key words in bold]

 

Now as we open this study we do so by calling attention to the fact that . . .

 

The Setting in
Daniel Concerns Jews

 

We are about to open Daniel, which is set in “time past” and the “ages to come”. This is the first Book in the tribulation trilogy and master key unlocking Israel’s prophecies. Daniel wrote his book between 607 BC through 534 BC. Although the chapters are not laid out chronologically, the first six as they appear in the King James Bible cover history, the final six cover prophecy. Due to its place in the prophecy hierarchy, many consider Daniel the Rosetta Stone for interpreting all end times predictions.

 

Interesting promises for the last days appear in Daniel. “And he said, Go thy way, Daniel: for the words are closed up and sealed till the time of the end. Many shall be purified, and made white, and tried; but the wicked shall do wickedly: and none of the wicked shall understand; but the wise shall understand” (Daniel 12:9-10). Only recently have the secrets hidden in Daniel’s writings been discovered and shared by the wise teachers of our day.   Some of these will be presented in this chapter as principles underwriting eschatology in order to keep it from becoming nothing more than cryptic cogitations.

 

The prophecies found in the tribulation trilogy overall provide the most comprehensive picture of “the time of Jacob’s trouble” (Jer. 30:7; see Dan. 12:1) found anywhere in Scripture. The Old Testament features writings from twelve minor prophets and four major prophets; so named by their length, not their content. Daniel was among the latter group. At least nine of these prophets specifically discussed “the day of the Lord” which envelopes the time of Jacob’s trouble which Daniel’s prophecy codifies. The following chart suggests the dates written and the sequence of the Book by date. [1] It also reveals that . . .

 

The Subjects Charted in
Daniel Concern Jews

 

Date BC Chapter Subject Synopsis
606-605 1 Personal history of Daniel. Reason for appearance of Daniel and his friends before Nebuchadnezzar.
Jeremiah 25 prophesied the seventy-year captivity in Babylon and God’s wrath against the enemy nations.
604 2 Visions of Nebuchadnezzar and their results. The forgotten dream and the failure of the astrologers. Daniel’s interpretation after prayer for wisdom.
Jeremiah 30-31 describes Israel’s coming tribulation as the “time of Jacob’s trouble”. Other writing prophets during this time include Obadiah, Ezekiel
585-583 3 Pride of Nebuchadnezzar and his punishment. The image of gold. The three Jews refuse to worship the image. Fiery furnace proven harmless. The king convinced.
Ezekiel writes chapters 40-48 from a vision of the New Israel and New Temple as well as his final prophecy against Egypt (Ezek 29).
582-575 4 Nebuchadnezzar’s proclamation. The true vision and its interpretation. Vision fulfilled; the restoration of Nebuchadnezzar.
555 7 The beast vision of Daniel, forecasting the four world empires and the final heading up under anti-Christ. Vision of Christ coming in glory. Interpretation of the beast vision.
553 8 Out from the kingdoms of the last days a king of fierce countenance, the anti-Christ, will arise, and acting by the power of Satan, will bring transgression to the full. Though he will for a time prosper in his hellish schemes, the sudden brightness of Christ’s coming will utterly destroy him.
539 5 Daniel’s personal history under Belshazzar and Darius. The pride of Belshazzar and his downfall. The writing on the wall. Its interpretation and fulfillment.
539-538 9 Vision of the seventy weeks. Daniel’s prayer and confession.
539-538 6 Daniel’s history to the accession of Cyrus. Decree of Darius. Daniel’s steadfastness. Daniel in the lion’s den and his deliverance. Darius’ new decree.
539-538 11 Prophecy covering the period from Darius to anti-Christ, showing the conflicts of nations, and final heading up for destruction.
539-538 12 The great tribulation of the last days, and the resurrection foretold. The last message to Daniel.
537-536 10 Visions of the glory of God. The heavenly messenger detained, but comes at last to show Daniel things to come, in answer to prayer.

 

We will be gleaning from four main chapters: 2, 7, 9, and 12.

 

The following study from the Bible will reveal that . . .

The Scriptures in
Daniel Concern Jews

 

IMPORTANT NOTE: Daniel received a 490-year prophecy for Israel, “thy people” (Dan. 9:15-16, 19, 24; 10:14; etc). [2] This 70 week prophecy clock stopped about two thousand years ago at Daniel’s seventieth week (study carefully Dan. 9:24-27). It will resume when “the fullness of the Gentiles be come in” (Rom. 11:25) at the conclusion of the mystery program with the disappearance of the mystery Body (1 Cor. 15:51; see also John 14:2-3; 1 Thess. 4:13-18; Rev. 3:10).

 

Daniel reminds us that prophecy is for Israel and concerns God’s overarching plan for the earth. Understanding prophecy isn’t automatic and most Christians never get to bedrock. Scripture tells us, “It is the glory of God to conceal a thing: but the honour of kings is to search out a matter. The heaven for height, and the earth for depth, and the heart of kings is unsearchable” (Proverbs 25:2-3)

 

The Books of Daniel and Revelation are companion prophetic writings. What begins as seed in Daniel can be found in full bloom in Revelation. That means the prophecies in Daniel’s Book that were hidden “in plain sight” 2600 years ago are now explainable through years of Progressive Revelation amounting to line upon line, precept upon precept, here a little and there a little diligence. Without question, the promise Daniel made to those alive in the end times of understanding his prophesies are becoming clear with an exciting certainty: “But thou, O Daniel, shut up the words, and seal the book, even to the time of the end: many shall run to and fro, and knowledge shall be increased” (Dan 12:4).

 

Observing this from the LaHaye Prophecy Study Bible, Dr. Thomas McCall [3] writes:

 

“Think of the prophecies of Daniel as the steel superstructure of a great building, to which walls, roof, floors, etc. are attached. All the subsequent Bible predictions are attached to the superstructure of Daniel. The two primary parts of the framework are the “times of the Gentiles” and the “seventy weeks” concerning Israel and Jerusalem: Daniel 9.24-27. Everything else, the broad expanse of human history, the first and second comings of Christ and all the details supplied by the Lord through His prophets and apostles are attached to this magnificent superstructure. (The Prophecies of Daniel, 2000, p. 896)

 

Two of my favorite scholars Dr. CI Scofield and Dr. AC Gaebelein both agree.

Dr. Scofield wrote: “Daniel is the indispensable introduction to New Testament prophecy, the themes of which are, the apostasy of the Church, the manifestation of the man of sin, the great tribulation, the return of the Lord, the resurrections and the judgments. These, except the first, are Daniel’s themes also. But Daniel is distinctively the prophet of the “times of the Gentiles” (Luk_21:24). His vision sweeps the whole course of Gentile world-rule to its end in catastrophe, and to the setting up of the Messianic kingdom.”  (Scofield Reference Bible, 1917)

 

Dr. Gaebelein wrote: “It is impossible to overestimate the importance of the book of Daniel. It is the key to all prophecy; without a knowledge of the great prophecies contained in this book the entire prophetic portion of the word of God must remain a sealed book. One of the reasons why so few Christians have a correct knowledge of the prophetic forecast in the Bible is the neglect of the book of Daniel. The great prophetic portions of the New Testament, the Olivet discourse of our Lord Mat_24:1-51;Mat_25:1-46), and above all the great New Testament book of prophecy, the book of Revelation, can only be understood through the prophecies of Daniel.” (Annotated Bible, 1919). Daniel’s prophecies, although sealed for centuries, are now alive in these last days – as he predicted – to those who are hungry enough to study them and wise enough to understand and teach them.[4] “But thou, O Daniel, shut up the words, and seal the book, even to the time of the end: many shall run to and fro, and knowledge shall be increased” (Daniel 12:4).

 

  • The time of the end in Danielbegins with the violation by “the prince that shall come” (that is, “little horn,” “man of sin,” “Beast”) of his covenant with the Jews for the restoration of the temple and sacrifice (Dan9:27) and his presentation of himself as God; (Dan – 9:27); (Dan_11:36-38); (Mat24:15); (2Tb2:4); (Rev13:4-6) and ends with his destruction by the appearing of the Lord in glory. (2Th_2:8); (Rev 19:19); (Rev-19:20).

 

  • The duration of the “time of the end”, is three and one half years, coinciding with the last half of the seven­tieth week of Daniel. (Dan – 7:25); (Dan_12:7); (Rev_13:5). This “time of the end” is the “time of Jacob’s trouble.” (Jer – 30:7) “a time of trouble such as never was since there was a nation” (Dan. 2: 1) “great tribulation such as was not from the beginning of the world… nor ever shall be” (Mat24:2 1). The New Testament, especially the Book of the Revelation, adds many details. The churchis never mentioned- nor can it be clearly identified- in any part of the 7 year tribulation. [5]

 

Daniel: Man of Prayer

 

Most Christians have never read the Bible through one time cover to cover. As sad a commentary as that is, they also pray less than 5 minutes per day. This includes pastors. Daniel was an exception; he was committed to both. A major influence in the writings of Daniel is the fact that he was man of prayer and the Word that fueled a stern conviction. As such, he is a hero to many of us who find our role models in God’s Word. Anyone studying his book can’t help but read providence scrawled in between the lines of every page. From the beginning, God blessed Daniel with a unique gift of interpreting dreams and prophecies which gave him favor in several foreign administrations. This gift is so prevalent in his life the word interpretation appears no less than thirty two times [6] in his writings.

 

At the age of about seventeen, Daniel – who was of noble blood – was carried to Babylon (606 BC) where he lived during the whole period of the Captivity. We know he was among the brightest, best looking, and healthiest lads in the land because those who didn’t meet this base criteria were rejected. “At times he occupied high office in the Babylonian and Persian Empires … In Daniel’s day, the city of Babylon not only was the premier city of the pre-Christian world, but it ruled the most powerful empire that had up to that time existed. It lasted 70 years and Daniel was there to see its rise and its fall.”  (Halley’s Bible Handbook, 1965, pp. 336, 340-342)

 

As we discuss Daniel’s messages – as well as those in the tribulation trilogy that his prophecies unlock – remember that prophecy is for Israel and its goal is the establishment of the Kingdom in Jerusalem following the tribulation, or time of trouble (Dan. 12:1, see Jer. 30:7) [7] which we will discuss now.

The Tribulation in
Daniel Concerns Jews

 

Let me open with a challenge previously discussed. We can easily find Israel and the Gentile nations in the tribulation, but not the Body of Christ. If the Body of Christ is in the tribulation, the Holy Spirit went to great lengths to keep us from knowing it and only adversarial necessity finds any reason to place us there. Consider this. We have several verses clearly telling us we will not be here during this time (1 Thess. 1:10; 5:9; 2 Thess. 2:5-7; Rev. 3:10; see also Rev. 4:1) and yet there isn’t a verse anywhere in the Bible clearly placing us here for even one moment of this future Holocaust without pulling from context the words “saints” and “elect”, which in Daniel, the Olivet Discourse and Revelation refer to Israel.

 

When studying prophecy contextually through the lens of Progressive Revelation it proves without question that the tribulation lines up perfectly with the Jewish prophet Daniel’s missing week of seven years prophesied for Jews in Jerusalem (Dan. 9:24-27). Moreover, when examining Jeremiah thirty and thirty-one we find the tribulation is ultimately punishment and preparation for Israel – collaterally involving the unsaved on earth. It will occur during Daniel’s seventieth week (Dan. 9:24-27) making it seven years in length. This will all become clear to you as we move through The Tribulation Trilogy together, where it should become apparent that the tribulation is a Jewish doctrine and as such is an integral part of earth’s future – Israel in particular. Let’s be very clear. It is the same tribulation Moses prophesied for Israel (Deut. 4:30) that is pictured here. Juxtaposing the tribulation setting in Daniel, Dr. McCall adds this: “Already by Daniel’s time, the following prophetic truths had been revealed to God’s chosen nation: Israel would be the channel of the Lord’s great Messianic Kingdom on earth: the Abrahamic Covenant and Jacob’s prophecy concerning Judah, Genesis 49.8-10. The Davidic dynasty would be the catalyst behind the Messiah’s authority with Jerusalem and Israel the bases of His ruling operations: the Davidic Covenant, 2 Samuel 7.12-16 and Psalm 2. The Suffering Servant of the Lord would make possible future blessings with His redemptive sacrifice for sins and His resurrection from the dead, Psalm 16 and Isaiah 53.

 

All of this revelation and much more may not have been fully understood by Israel. After the Babylonian destruction of Jerusalem, the entire promised program of God appeared to be in total shambles. As Jerusalem and Israel lay in ruins, the Davidic dynasty was cut off in disgrace and the people of Israel and Judah languished in the heart of ancient paganism a thousand miles away from the land of promise. Many other prophecies about Israel’s glorious future appeared to be conditioned upon the obedience of Israel to the Lord and obedience seemed to be a rare commodity among God’s chosen people in Babylon in Daniel’s time.” (The Prophecies of Daniel, 2000)

 

In short, as wise and interpretive as Daniel was, he – like all the other prophets of Israel – knew nothing about the Body of Christ. [8] He never saw it; didn’t mention it; and the Progressive Revelation unveiling the tribulation throughout the trilogy – which is incidentally built upon the foundation Daniel laid – doesn’t implicate or include this mystery Body in any manner whatsoever and it is both disingenuous and deceitful to place her there.

 

Daniel 2 – Daniel Sets the Stage in the Tribulation Trilogy

 

Progressive Revelation unfolds in the second chapter of the Book of Daniel – which Halley says occurred during the 2nd year of Nebuchadnezzar’s [9] reign as sole ruler when Daniel was a mere lad (Halley’s Bible Handbook, 1965, p. 342) the king had a troubling dream but one he couldn’t remember. Now understand that in the Middle East dreams were highly regarded and their interpretation was very profitable for magicians and astrologers. However, in order for them to render an interpretation, the king needed to tell them what he dreamed. However, in this instance he claimed he had no recollection and wanted them to do what was humanly impossible in lieu of death; reveal the dream and what it meant.

 

In the midst of this milieu, the king summoned young Daniel to his quarters with the same request. Daniel wisely requested some time, then, after considerable prayer God revealed and unfolded Nebuchadnezzar’s dream: the emerging of four world empires ultimately beginning with Babylon and affecting both the children of Israel and the years referred to as the “times of the Gentiles” (Luke 21:24):

 

  • The first is Babylon (Dan. 2:37-38; 7:4);
  • The second is Media-Persia (Dan. 2:39; 7:5)
  • The third is Greece (Dan. 2:39; 7:6)
  • The fourth is Rome (Dan. 2:40-43; 7:7)

 

Daniel 2:44 “And in the days of these kings shall the God of heaven set up a kingdom, which shall never be destroyed: and the kingdom shall not be left to other people, but it shall break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand for ever.”

 

Daniel 7:13-14 “I saw in the night visions, and, behold, one like the Son of man came with the clouds of heaven, and came to the Ancient of days, and they brought him near before him.  (14)  And there was given him dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all people, nations, and languages, should serve him: his dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom that which shall not be destroyed.”

 

What wasn’t seen here is the extended 2000 or so years of mystery wherein the Body of Christ could ultimately be revealed to the Apostle Paul as a a temporary called out assembly or ecclesia (church) to serve the Lord during Israel’s temporary blindness allowing for the fullness of the Gentiles. Romans 11:25 “For I would not, brethren, that ye should be ignorant of this mystery, lest ye should be wise in your own conceits; that blindness in part is happened to Israel, until the fulness of the Gentiles be come in.”

 

Daniel 7 – The Beast Vision of Four Empires

 

Daniel is an interesting Book to study because chronology holds no relevance as timeframes weave in and out of one another almost effortlessly. For example, chapters 1-6 offer us an historical setting for Israel. Included is Nebuchadnezzar’s dream in chapter 2 of Babylon and three additional empires that would arise afterward. This becomes evident beginning in chapter seven and the advent of the “little horn.”

 

In discussing this little horn or Antichrist, there are several Scriptures we could cite, but Daniel 7:7-8 offers a powerful summary in two verses: “After this I saw in the night visions, and behold a fourth beast, dreadful and terrible, and strong exceedingly; and it had great iron teeth: it devoured and brake in pieces, and stamped the residue with the feet of it: and it was diverse from all the beasts that were before it; and it had ten horns.  (8)  I considered the horns, and, behold, there came up among them another little horn, before whom there were three of the first horns plucked up by the roots: and, behold, in this horn were eyes like the eyes of man, and a mouth speaking great things.”

 

 

 

The tribulation “saints” in Daniel 7 are Jews

 

Daniel had no knowledge of the Body of Christ. Moreover, when studying Daniel 7 it becomes evident in view of the frequent reference to the kingdom that the saints [10]mentioned are Jews.

Daniel 7:18 “But the saints of the most High shall take the kingdom, and possess the kingdom for ever, even for ever and ever.”

 

Daniel 7:21 “I beheld, and the same horn made war with the saints, and prevailed against them”

 

Daniel 7:22 “Until the Ancient of days came, and judgment was given to the saints of the most High; and the time came that the saints possessed the kingdom.”

 

Daniel 7:25 “And he shall speak great words against the most High, and shall wear out the saints of the most High, and think to change times and laws: and they shall be given into his hand until a time and times and the dividing of time.”

 

Daniel 7:27 “And the kingdom and dominion, and the greatness of the kingdom under the whole heaven, shall be given to the people of the saints of the most High, whose kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and all dominions shall serve and obey him.”

 

Daniel 9 – The Seventy Week Prophecy is for Israel

 

The Jews who are awaiting the arrival of their Messiah and His kingdom may well be fooled by one man promising them peace on earth through a seven-year covenant between her and her enemies- Dan. 9:27.

 

Daniel 9:21-22 “Yea, whiles I was speaking in prayer, even the man Gabriel, whom I had seen in the vision at the beginning, being caused to fly swiftly, touched me about the time of the evening oblation. And he informed me, and talked with me, and said, O Daniel, I am now come forth to give thee skill and understanding”

 

Daniel 9:24-27

 

(24) “Seventy weeks [11] are determined upon thy people [Jews] and upon thy holy city [Jerusalem], to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, [foretelling the sacrifice of Jesus] and to bring in everlasting righteousness, [Jews awaited the inauguration of the Davidic Covenant kingdom] and to seal up the vision and prophecy, [God moves from prophecy to mystery] and to anoint the most Holy” [Isaiah’s Immanuel (Isa 7:14), the Lord Jesus Christ].

 

Commentaries exist in fundamentalist libraries all around the world that add light to this passage. One of my favorites is a small booklet from Dr. Rice who writes:

 

“Seventy weeks of national history were prophesied for Daniel’s people, Israel. Notice particularly that these seventy weeks need not be consecutive. The time did not begin to count until the people of Israel were back in their own land, and with their own worship and national life … Notice that as far as Israel is concerned, these seventy weeks will finish prophecy. Israel’s days of sinning will be over, and they will be reconciled to god, and everlasting righteousness will have begun for that nation. The last line in the verse says that these seventy weeks will bring Israel to the time “to anoint the most Holy.” That means that the end of these seventy weeks of Jewish national life will bring us to the time when Christ will be anointed king on David’s throne at Jerusalem.” (Dr John R Rice, 1935)

 

(25) “Know therefore and understand, [calculate the days] that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem [Neh. 2:1-8] unto the Messiah the Prince [Jews expected their Messiah] shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: [Sixty nine weeks of years] the street [in Jerusalem] shall be built again, and the wall, [protection for Jerusalem, the holy city] even in troublous times [she came from captivity to do this].”

 

(26) “And after threescore and two weeks [this would include the seven weeks already mentioned to total again sixty nine weeks of years] shall Messiah [This a solely a Jewish term] be cut off . . . (Daniel 9:24-26). [On April 6, 32 AD – which Sir Robert Anderson calculated to be exactly 173,880 days after Cyrus’ decree Israel officially rejected Christ when He presented Himself as the Messiah in Jerusalem as Daniel foretold].”

 

The Pauline Body of Christ
Appears as a Mystery

 

The Body of Christ appears as a mystery: “Now to him that is of power to stablish you according to my gospel, and the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery, which was kept secret since the world began” (Romans 16:25). This finalized in stages:

 

  1. The rejection of Jesus Christ as Messiah at the triumphal entry (Matt. 21-23)
  2. The rejection of Christ following Peter’s call for repentance at the temple (Acts 3-4)
  3. The rejection of Christ following Stephen’s call for repentance which led to his death by the Sanhedrin (Acts 7)

 

The Pauline Body of Christ
Disappears in a Mystery

 

The Body of Christ disappears in a mystery: “Behold, I shew you a mystery; We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed” (1 Corinthians 15:51).

 

This will happen in God’s time: “For I would not, brethren, that ye should be ignorant of this mystery, lest ye should be wise in your own conceits; that blindness in part is happened to Israel, until the fulness of the Gentiles be come in” (Romans 11:25) .

 

“And now ye know what withholdeth that he might be revealed in his time. For the mystery of iniquity doth already work: only he who now letteth will let, until he be taken out of the way. And then shall that Wicked be revealed, whom the Lord shall consume with the spirit of his mouth, and shall destroy with the brightness of his coming” (2 Thessalonians 2:6-8).

 

Just as prophecy was put on hold making way for the mystery at the triumphal entry and rejection of Jesus in Jerusalem, it will reverse sometime around the signing of a noteworthy 7-year treaty.

 

Appearance of the Antichrist

 

With the church gone – and the restrainer that held her, Antichrist enters center stage to offer himself as Messiah to Israel, sole witness of God’s majesty to the world. Dr. Scofield provides great insight here under the heading “The end of Gentile world-power”:

 

In the beast vision of Daniel 7, the fourth beast is declared to be “the fourth kingdom,” that is, the Roman empire, [remember there are two legs of this empire; we believe the one to watch carefully today is the eastern, Islamic, leg] the “iron” kingdom of Daniel 2. The “ten horns” upon the fourth beast (Roman empire), (Dan_7:7) are declared to be “ten kings that shall arise” (Dan_7:24) answering to the ten toes of the image vision of Daniel 2. The ten kingdoms, covering the regions formerly ruled by Rome, will constitute, therefore, the form in which the fourth or Roman empire will exist when the whole fabric of Gentile world-domination is smitten by the “stone cut out without hands”, signifying Christ; (Dan_2:44); (Dan_2:45); (Dan_7:9).

 

But Daniel sees a “little horn” rise up and subdue three of the ten kings (Dan_7:24-26). His distinguishing mark is hatred of God and of the saints. He is not to be confounded with the “little horn” of Daniel 8 — a prophecy fulfilled in Antiochus Epiphanes [with prophetic overtures for the Antichrist]. (Scofield Reference Bible, 1917)

 

(27) “And he shall confirm [Antichrist will have a hand in the treaty. The Hebrew word here means prevailing, strength] the covenant [Five Covenants are important in Israel’s history. She was warned not to enter into them with foreign powers- Deut. 7:2. Antichrist will deceive Israel into believing he is their peace as opposed to God- Dan. 11:23] with many [Jews and the regional Islamic nations] for one week [seven years]: and in the midst of the week [the seven years are broken up into a pair of three and one half year segments; the latter called the “great tribulation”] he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease [This again signifies Jewish context since Gentiles aren’t concerned with this rebuilt temple allowing for the reinstitution of the Jewish sacrificial system which Antichrist puts an end to], and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate [abomination of desolation- Jesus mentioned it in the Olivet Discourse, and Paul described this in 2 Thess 2:4. They may coincide with the forcing of the mark of the beast- Rev. 13:8], even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.”

 

Dr. Scofield writes: “The vision is of the end of Gentile world-dominion. The former Roman empire (the iron kingdom of (Dan_2:33-35); (Dan_2:40-44); (Dan_7:7) will have ten horns (that is, kings, (Rev_17:12) corresponding to the ten toes of the image. As Daniel considers this vision of the ten kings, there rises up amongst them a “little horn” (king), who subdues three of the ten kings so completely that the separate identity of their kingdoms is destroyed. Seven kings of the ten are left, and the “little horn.” He is the “king of fierce countenance” typified by that other “king of fierce countenance,” Antiochus Epiphanes, (Dan_8:23-25) the “prince that shall come” of (Dan_9:26); (Dan_9:27) the “king” of (Dan_11:36-45) the “abomination” of; (Dan_12:11); (Mat_24:15) the “man of sin” of (2Th_2:4-8) and the “Beast” of (Rev_13:4-10).” (Scofield Reference Bible, 1917)

Daniel’s prophecy here is unmistakably for Israel. [12] Dr. John R. Rice corroborates this:

 

“In the midst of the seven years when many of Daniel’s people will be in the land of Palestine carrying on their Old Testament worship, this Antichrist will break his covenant and “cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease.” During the middle of these seven years will come the abomination of desolation. That is explained more fully in II Thessalonians 2:3-4 Let no man deceive you by any means: for that day shall not come, except there come a falling away first, and that man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition;  (4)  Who opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God, or that is worshipped; so that he as God sitteth in the temple of God, shewing himself that he is God. That is the abomination of desolation. The Antichrist will claim to be God on earth. He will enter into the temple at Jerusalem, even into the Holy of Holies, will command the Jews to stop their worship of God and to worship him as God. No wonder it is called the abomination of desolation!” (The Second Coming of Christ in Daniel, 1935, pp. 32-33)

 

Daniel 12 – The Great Tribulation, and the Resurrection Foretold

 

In this chapter, Daniel provides a summary of the end times where he  covers the tribulation, resurrection, illumination and once again, the abomination. In his discussion, Israel can be clearly seen from the beginning of the chapter till the end of the Book. I will cover a few verses most pertinent to our overview here in the tribulation trilogy.

 

Daniel 12:1: Interestingly Daniel’s seventy weeks spoke of specific time. Now his prophecy in this final chapter again stresses the “time” of trouble for “thy people” by using the word “time” repeatedly. (1) “And at that time shall Michael stand up, the great prince which standeth for the children of thy people [Jews]: and there shall be a time of trouble [Jacob’s trouble- Jer 30:7], such as never was since there was a nation even to that same time: and at that time thy people [identified previously as Jews- Dan. 9:15-16, 19, 24, etc] shall be delivered, every one that shall be found written in the book.”

 

Daniel 12:2-3: Daniel moves past the tribulation to begin discussion of a resurrection. “And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt.”

 

Two schools of thought dominate the conversation about this event. One teaches that this speaks of the first and second resurrection mentioned in Revelation 20:4-15 which at cursory glance seems logical. But the second teaches this is completely a Jewish prophecy predicting national Israel awakened from her slumber (Rom. 9-11). Dr. Gaebelein in in this second group and offers this defense of that position:

 

“The deliverance of which we read in these verses and the awakening of those “who sleep in the dust of the earth” has likewise been grossly misinterpreted. Because expositors have not seen the application of all this to the Jews in their future history in the land, they have read the church in here, and even what they term a general resurrection on a general judgment day. But we shall see now what is meant by the deliverance of Daniel’s people.

 

Physical resurrection (as so often stated: a general resurrection) is not taught in the second verse. Physical resurrection is used as a figure of the national revival of Israel in that day. They have been sleeping nationally in the dust of the earth, buried among the Gentiles. But at that time there will take place a national restoration, a bringing together of the house of Judah and of Israel. It is the same figure as used in the vision of the dry bones in Eze_37:1-28. This vision is employed by the men, who have invented the theory of a second chance and larger hope for the wicked dead to back up their evil teaching, but anyone can see that it concerns not the Gentiles but the Jewish people and that it is not a bodily resurrection, but a national revival and restoration of that people. Their national graves, not literal burying places, will be opened and the Lord will bring them forth out of all the countries into which they have been scattered.

 

There will be two classes, the godly and the ungodly. The ungodly accept the false Messiah, and in their national revival, shame and everlasting contempt awaits them, while the others, the godly, will enjoy life in the kingdom. The wise in verse 3 are the Jewish teachers and witnesses in the end time, those which compose the godly remnant. A special reward will be theirs during the kingdom, they shall shine as the stars forever. The same holds good, only in a higher sense for all those who are witnesses for Him during this age, who are faithful to Christ.” (Annotated Bible, 1919)

 

The Revelation of Christ in
Daniel Concerns Jews

 

Dr. Rice writes: “Even in this prophecy the second coming of Christ is clearly foretold. First, it is made clear that after the time of the Antichrist the saints shall possess the kingdom. Daniel 7:13-14 tells about the coming of Christ, tells how God the Father will turn over all the earthly kingdoms to His Son in the following words:” (The Second Coming of Christ in Daniel, 1935)

 

Daniel 7:13-14 “I saw in the night visions, and, behold, one like the Son of man came with the clouds of heaven, and came to the Ancient of days, and they brought him near before him.  (14)  And there was given him dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all people, nations, and languages, should serve him: his dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom that which shall not be destroyed.”

 

The sheep and goat judgment immediately follows the Revelation: Daniel 7:10-11  A fiery stream issued and came forth from before him: thousand thousands ministered unto him, and ten thousand times ten thousand stood before him: the judgment was set, and the books were opened.  (11)  I beheld then because of the voice of the great words which the horn spake: I beheld even till the beast was slain, and his body destroyed, and given to the burning flame.

 

Implied here – Daniel 12:1-3 “And at that time shall Michael stand up, the great prince which standeth for the children of thy people: and there shall be a time of trouble, such as never was since there was a nation even to that same time: and at that time thy people shall be delivered, every one that shall be found written in the book.  (2)  And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt.  (3)  And they that be wise shall shine as the brightness of the firmament; and they that turn many to righteousness as the stars for ever and ever.”

 

The Kingdom in
Daniel Concerns Jews

 

Prophecy carries with it the goal of a Messianic kingdom on earth in Israel. The entire Book of Daniel is preoccupied with bringing in that kingdom. In fact, from beginning to end, the Kingdom in Israel has been at the forefront of prophecy because it is of utmost importance to the Lord. The Jewish prophets tell us Jerusalem will be the center of worship and Jews (Zech. 8:3; 14:16-18; – victim of the most vile attacks in the history of mankind – will be a sought after blessed people. “And I will bring them, and they shall dwell in the midst of Jerusalem: and they shall be my people, and I will be their God, in truth and in righteousness … And it shall come to pass, that as ye were a curse among the heathen, O house of Judah, and house of Israel; so will I save you, and ye shall be a blessing: fear not, but let your hands be strong … Thus saith the LORD of hosts; In those days it shall come to pass, that ten men shall take hold out of all languages of the nations, even shall take hold of the skirt of him that is a Jew, saying, We will go with you: for we have heard that God is with you” (Zechariah 8:8, 13,23).

 

Daniel’s teaching on the subject of the kingdom

 

Daniel 2:44 “And in the days of these kings shall the God of heaven set up a kingdom, which shall never be destroyed: and the kingdom shall not be left to other people, but it shall break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand for ever.”

 

Daniel 4:3 “How great are his signs! and how mighty are his wonders! his kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and his dominion is from generation to generation.”

 

Daniel 4:34 “And at the end of the days I Nebuchadnezzar lifted up mine eyes unto heaven, and mine understanding returned unto me, and I blessed the most High, and I praised and honoured him that liveth for ever, whose dominion is an everlasting dominion, and his kingdom is from generation to generation”.

 

Daniel 6:26 “I make a decree, That in every dominion of my kingdom men tremble and fear before the God of Daniel: for he is the living God, and stedfast for ever, and his kingdom that which shall not be destroyed, and his dominion shall be even unto the end.”

 

Daniel 7:14 “And there was given him dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all people, nations, and languages, should serve him: his dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom that which shall not be destroyed.”

 

Daniel 7:18 “But the saints of the most High shall take the kingdom, and possess the kingdom for ever, even for ever and ever.”

 

Daniel 7:22-24 “Until the Ancient of days came, and judgment was given to the saints of the most High; and the time came that the saints possessed the kingdom.  23  Thus he said, The fourth beast shall be the fourth kingdom upon earth, which shall be diverse from all kingdoms, and shall devour the whole earth, and shall tread it down, and break it in pieces.  24  And the ten horns out of this kingdom are ten kings that shall arise: and another shall rise after them; and he shall be diverse from the first, and he shall subdue three kings.”

 

Daniel 7:27 “And the kingdom and dominion, and the greatness of the kingdom under the whole heaven, shall be given to the people of the saints of the most High, whose kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and all dominions shall serve and obey him.”

 

Daniel prophesied to the Jews. He – like every other OT prophet before him and after him – knew nothing about the Body of Christ. Only those who are emotionally invested in disproving the PreTrib rapture ever find the church within Daniel’s writings. He doesn’t mention it; none of the prophets ever mentioned it, [13] and those who do seem to harbor one of two motives: they are either woefully deceived, or they are willfully deceptive which is an earmark of the end times: “But evil men and seducers shall wax worse and worse, deceiving, and being deceived” (2 Timothy 3:13).

 

Make no mistake; when God initiated Daniel’s prophesies for Israel, He didn’t have the Body of Christ in mind, or He would have clearly identified her. I repeat, forcing the church into this setting is not only irresponsible, it is dangerous: “And if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part out of the book of life, and out of the holy city, and from the things which are written in this book” (Revelation 22:19).

 

Chart of Commonalities in Daniel and Revelation

 

Commonality Daniel Revelation of

Jesus Christ

Time of Jacob’s trouble Dan 12:1

a time of trouble Dan.

Rev 3:10; 7:14
the hour of temptation; great tribulation
Concerns Jews

(elect-saints)

Thy people
Dan. 7:19-26; 9:1-27
Her seed
Rev 7:4; 12:6,17
Centers around

Jerusalem, Israel

Dan. 7:14; 9:1-27 Rev 11:8; 12:1-2; 14:1; 14-20; 16:16
Language relevant to Jews alone Holy covenant, sanctuary, kingdom, thy servants the prophets, Moses the servant of God, Messiah, sacrifice, oblation Temple, ark, Michael, wilderness, remnant, seed, commandments, Christ, Sion, Moses, prophets
Abomination of

desolation

Dan 8:13; 9:27; 11:31; 12:11 Rev 13:6
Antichrist Dan 7-8:23-27; 9:26-27; 11 Rev 13:1-10
Saint(s) [14] Dan 7:18,21,22,25,27; 8:13; Rev 5:8; 8:3,4; Rev 11:18; 13:7; 13:10; 14:12; 15:3; 16:6; 17:6; 18:24; 19:8; 20:9
Follows with Judgment for entering

the Kingdom

Dan. 7:9-10 Rev 16:16; Rev19:19-Rev 20:4
Judgment Dan 7:9-13; 12:2 Rev 20:11-15
Kingdom in focus Dan. 8:23-26 Rev 12:10; 20:1-4
Temple Dan 5:2,3; 8:13 Rev 3:12; 7:15; 11:1; 11:2; 11:19; 14:15; 14:17; 15:5; 15:6; 15:8; 16:1; 16:17;  21:22
Resurrection Dan 12:2 Rev 20:6, 12-13
Culminates in the
Revelation of the
Messiah
Dan 2:44; 4:3,34;
6:26; 7:10-27 [15]; 12:1
implied
Rev 14:14-20; Rev:19:11-16

As we edge ever closer to the return of Christ, the prophecies in the book of Daniel become clearer.  However, the Bible student must remember that the prophecies unlocked in the book are written to and about the Jews. To begin with, Daniel precisely foretold when Messiah would come the first time to His people through the prophecy of “weeks” and indicated that Messiah would be “cut off,” accurately foretelling Christ’s death.  Daniel predicted the gap in between the 69th and 70th “weeks” of the prophecy’s final fulfillment, which will be during the Tribulation.   The Tribulation also exclusively concerns Israel; the church (the Body of Christ) will have been removed before the beginning of “the time of Jacob’s trouble”.

 

Daniel also reveals Christ in both His first advent of suffering servant and His triumphant return as the King Who will establish His Kingdom forever. However, while the Body of Christ is on earth Daniel’s prophecy calendar is on pause at the 70th week and Israel is not in her prominent role. However, this will come to an end as Paul explains: “For I would not, brethren, that ye should be ignorant of this mystery, lest ye should be wise in your own conceits; that blindness in part is happened to Israel, until the fulness of the Gentiles be come in” (Rom 11:25). Our earthly residence is temporary and will end abruptly when the mystery church is removed in the mystery rapture (1 Cor. 15:51) and the prophecy clock once again reestablishes Israel’s march toward her preeminent earthly destiny.

[1] I believe these dates and order in this chart to be accurate after consulting several authorities including Chuck Missler, Ussher, Scofield, and The New Chronological Bible, Nashville, TN.

[2] Daniel refers to Jews as “saints” 6 times in Daniel 7 in relation to the coming tribulation. Revelation is the companion Book; the fulfillment of Daniel’s prophecy. Therefore, when Revelation refers to saints, it likewise refers to Jews and their converts; NOT the Body of Christ which didn’t exist in Daniel’s mind.

[3] Thomas s. McCall, Senior Theologian Zola Levitt Ministries

[4] In 1970 Hal Lindsey – called the father of the modern day prophecy study movement – released a blockbuster bestselling book called The Late Great Planet Earth. It was a scholarly treatment in layman terms of literalist, premillennial, dispensational eschatology. As such, it compared end-time prophecies in the Bible with current events in an attempt to broadly predict future scenarios leading to the rapture of believers before the tribulation and Second Coming of Christ to establish his thousand-year (i.e. millennial) Kingdom on Earth. (Adapted from Wikipedia)

[5] This section was adapted from the Old Scofield Study Bible notes. We offer a 2 year study program with optional degree in Old Scofield Bible Theology. We also offer these wonderful Bibles separately in bonded leather, KJV for a $34 gift to help PMI reach prisoners for Christ. Stamps are welcome and Bibles sent after total offering received.

[6] Dan. 2:4,5,6,7,9,16,24,25,26,30,36,45; 4:6,7,9,18,19,24; 5:7,8,12,15,16,17,26; 7:16;

[7] Unless it’s a prophecy for the Body of Christ from Paul.

[8] Neither did any of the OT prophets of Israel.

[9] Interestingly, God refers to Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon as “my servant” three times in the book of Jeremiah (Jeremiah 25:9; 27:6; 43:10). This is certainly an instance from God’s providence when he brought Daniel’s gifts to the forefront of Progressive Revelation.

[10] Saint(s) is the second of two “proof text” words misused most often in anti-PreTrib tirades. According to the King James Dictionary, the word saint(s) simply means “men and women of God.” The First Mention connects saints with Israel (Deut. 33:2-3) as it often does throughout the Bible. The same hold true in what’s called the NT (Matt. 27:52-53). Since the word designates either Israel or the Body of Christ, understanding its use requires a thorough grasp of its context within its setting. For example, Daniel – a prophet of Israel writing to Jews – uses saint(s) nine times in six verses – always to describe Israel. Since Daniel is the Rosetta Stone for interpreting tribulation prophecy, the 11 appearances of the word “saints” in Revelation chapters six through nineteen (the tribulation chapters) – if we are to maintain consistency in our hermeneutics – likewise refers to Israel or those saved during the time of Jacob’s – aka Israel’s – trouble.

[11] These are “weeks” or more accurately, sevens of years; seventy weeks of seven years each. Within these “weeks” the national chastisement must be ended and the nation re-established in everlasting righteousness (Dan_9:24). The seventy weeks are divided into seven = 49 years; sixty-two = 434 years; one = 7 years (Dan_9:25-27). In the seven weeks = 49 years, Jerusalem was to be rebuilt in “troublous times.” This was fulfilled, as Ezra and Nehemiah record. Sixty-two weeks = 434 years, thereafter Messiah was to come (Dan_9:25). This was fulfilled in the birth and manifestation of Christ. Verse 26 is obviously an indeterminate period. The date of the crucifixion is not fixed. It is only said to be “after” the threescore and two weeks. It is the first event in (Dan_9:26). The second event is the destruction of the city, fulfilled A.D. 70. Then, “unto the end,” a period not fixed, but which has already lasted nearly 2000 years. To Daniel was revealed only that wars and desolations should continue (Compare (Mat_24:6-14). The New Testament reveals, that which was hidden from the Old Testament prophets; (Mat_13:11-17); (Eph_3:1-10) that during this period should be accomplished the mysteries of the kingdom of Heaven (Mat_13:1-50) and the out-calling of the Church; (Mat_16:18); (Rom_11:25). When the Church-age will end, and the seventieth week begin, is nowhere revealed. Its duration can be but seven years. To make it more violates the principle of interpretation already confirmed by fulfillment. (Dan_9:27) deals with the last week. The “he” of (Dan_9:27) is the “prince that shall come” of (Dan_9:26); whose people (Rome) destroyed the temple, A.D. 70. He is the same with the “little horn” of chapter 7. He will covenant with the Jews to restore their temple sacrifices for one week (seven years), but in the middle of that time he will break the covenant and fulfill; (Dan_12:11); (2Th_2:3); (2Th_2:4). Between the sixty-ninth week, after which Messiah was cut off, and the seventieth week, within which the “little horn” of Daniel 7. will run his awful course, intervenes this entire Church-age. (Dan_9:27) deals with the last three and a half years of the seven, which are identical with the “great tribulation.” (Mat_24:15-28) “time of trouble” (Dan_12:1) hour of temptation” (Rev_3:10).

[12] The Body of Christ wasn’t known to Daniel or any of the prophets. Moreover, she doesn’t belong to the time of Jacob’s trouble, and therefore she can’t be seen experiencing even one moment of it.

[13] The Body of Christ was a complete mystery to the prophets and didn’t appear until after the revelation of the mystery from Jesus to Paul in or around 60 AD (Rom 16:25; see Gal. 1:12).

[14] See note for saints and elect

[15] Notice the references to the kingdom and a judgment given to the people of the saints, namely Jews.

[16] Paul tells us Israel was blinded in order that the mystery Body could be formed (study Romans 9-11 carefully)

Contents for the Tribulation Trilogy

Dr. Mike Johnston

1 THE PREMISE OF  THE TRIBULATION TRILOGY. 6

2 THE SETTING FOR THE TRIBULATION.. 10

3 THE SUBJECT IN THE TRIBULATION.. 30

4 THE SUBSTANCE OF THE TRIBULATION.. 44

5 DANIEL CODIFIED THE TRIBULATION.. 54

6 THE OLIVET DISCOURSE CLARIFIED THE TRIBULATION.. 70

7 REVELATION CONCLUDES THE TRIBULATION.. 87

BIBLIOGRAPHY. 119

INDEX.. 120

APPENDICES. 121

For those who would like to obtain a hard copy of THE TRIBULATION TRILOGY: http://pmiministries.com/Tribulation_Trilogy_excerpts.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Categories: CHAPTER 5 - DANIEL, Misc
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